HIS TEN COMMANDMENTS.
1.Be enlightened with education.
2.Be strengthened with organization.
3.Make progress through industry.
4.Don’t speak caste, ask caste and think caste.
5.One caste, one religion and one God for mankind.
6.Whatever be the religion, it is sufficient if it is good for mankind.
7.Whatever be the difference in faith, dress or language, as all humanity belongs to one caste, there is no harm in inter-marriage and inter-dining.
8.Do not make liquor, don’t drink it and don’t sell it.
10.Man who knows dharma should work hard for the progress and well being of his neighbour.
He had several followers and disciples who whole heartedly dedicated themselves to the fulfillment of his noble ideas. Dr. Palpoo, Mahakavi Kumaranasan, T.K.Madhavan, C.V.Kunjiraman, Moorkoth Kumaran, C.Krishnan, Sahodaran Ayyappan were the more prominent among his followers for propagating his teachings and carrying out his instructions. Among his disciples we get Swamy Bodhananda, Swamy Sathyavratan, Dr.P. Natarajan, Swamy Chaitanya, Swamy Govindhanada, Swamy Dharma Thirthar, Swamy Atmanada, Swamy Sankarananda and Swamy Sree Narayana Thirtha. He could attract disciples and followers both from Savarna and Avarna classes.
HIS LITERAY WORKS.
Sree Narayana Guru was a literary genius. He was widely read in three languages, namely Malayalam, Sanskrit and Tamil. All his poems are devotional, philosophical and metaphysical. In selection of words, keeping rhymes and expressing incomprehensive philosophical subjects within the apprehension of common man, he had his own style. His words were simplest possible and at the same time deep and meaningful. His aim was to convey the world truths to the common man to the easiest way possible. He has to his credit more than 62 literary works. His early works show great personal devotions to individual gods like Siva, Vishnu and Vinayaka. As he ascends to spiritual eminence, his personal attachment to individual gods withers away and he sees the Universe as the creation of an omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient power. He sees unity in diversity and diversity in unity. His Sanskrit works include Vinayaka-astakam, Guha-astakam, Sree Vasudeva-astakam, Bhadrakali-astakam , Brahma Vidya Panchakam, Municharya Panchakam, Nirvrthy Panchakam, Ashramam, Darsanamala. In Tamil Thevara Patikam and some poems are written. His translation of ‘Thirukural ‘ is said to be the first of its attempt to translate it into Malayalam. He also translated Isavasyopanishad from Sanskrit to Malayalam. His important Malayalam literary works include Atmopadesa-satakam, Deiva-desakam, Janani-nava-ratna-manjari, Kundalini Pattu, Jathi nirnayam, Jathi lakshanam, Chijjada-chintanam, Anubhuti- desakam and Jeevakarunya-panchakam. In praise of Lord Shanmugha he composed Shanmugha-stotram, Shanmugha-desakam and Subramania Keerthanam. In worship of Lord Siva he has written Sivaprasada-panchakam, Siva-satakam, Artha Nariswara- stavam, Siva-stavam, Paramasiva-chinta-dasakam and Sadasiva-darsanam.
In Atmopadesa Satakam stanza- 67 Sree Narayanaguru thus says:
(That which is beyond comprehension is one. The other is ordinary. Other than these two, there is no other form at all, either in memory, in sleep, or in the upper plane (heaven).)
Sree Narayana Guru divides the world into two namely the empirical world and the world beyond count. For prosperity of the empirical world, he advocates the material development stressing on education, organization, social equality, agriculture, trade, industry etc. By the world beyond count, he puts forward his spirituality. Sree Narayana Guru by his several years of spiritual experience and philosophical reasoning accepted that the Advaita Philsophy of AdiSankara- the non dualism between Atman and Brahman-is the Ultimate Truth. The Advaita Philosophy is based on the essential oneness and identity of all life. He said that we should serve man as man, first because every one belongs to humanity and secondly because that Atman, the reality in man is non-different from Brahman, the Ultimate reality. Man should attempt to attain the Ultimate Truth by discriminating between reality and unreality. God is the Universal Reality behind the world. To realize this basic unity is the supreme goal of man. For this one has to vertically ascend from one’s individuated consciousness of ‘I’ to a transcendental consciousness of being one with all. To attain this Atmavidya (Self-knowledge) or Brahmavidya, man has to remove the veil of ignorance (Avidya) through wisdom (Vidya).
HIS SIMPLICITY, LOVE, COMPASSION AND HUMOUR
He led a very simple life. He took simple food. He wore only white clothes only till 1918 when he went to Ceylon. It was during this period he took to saffron clothes at the instance of his disciples. When he wore them for the first time he remarked: “Well dust won’t show in this.”
Once he was walking down the path of Sivagiri. He met a poor boy on the way. Having known the pitiable condition, he visited his house and parents. He asked one rich man known to him to help them.
Once jackfruit was stolen from Sivagiri during night. This was reported to him in the following day. He said: “Jack fruit tree belongs to the Ashram. But jack fruit belongs to all. One may pluck it in day time. Bite of snake and pricking of thorn can be avoided.”
When the collection box at Sivagiri was stolen Swamy said with a smile: ‘The thief would have found it tough had the money remained with several donors. Collecting it together in box made his work simple.”
A youth called Chari became an inmate of ashram. He came to be called Brahmmachari. Some petty complaints arose about him. They were proved true. Swamy remarked with a smile: “Let Chari go in his own way leaving the Brahman here.”